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Introduction to Series-Parallel Network with Example

The series-parallel networks combine the series configuration with the parallel configuration in one circuit.
Solving such networks is very easy, provided one understands the series and parallel components. In the above case, R2 and R3 are joined in the parallel configuration. Let's say:
Req = R2 || R3
After solving them in parallel Req now comes in series and all together we can write the equation:
Rt = R1+ (R2 || R3) + R4.

Example: Find the current provided by the voltage source in the resistive series-parallel network shown below.
Step 1: Solve R2, R3, and Rin the parallel configuration, the equivalent resistance for these three resistors will be Req1= 5 ㏀.

Step 2: Add R1, R5, and Req1 in series.
Req = R1 + R5 + Req1 = 15 kΩ which is the equivalent resistance.

Step 3: Finally, apply the Ohm's law to find the current:
I = V/R = 10 V / 15 kΩ = 0.66 mA

Which is the final answer.

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